The Lineage of the Prophet ﷺ

The lineage of the Prophet traces to Adnān who is from the offspring of Ismā’īl the son of Ibrahīm عليه السلام.

It is narrated by Abdullah bin Abbas رضي الله عنه‎ that when the Prophet ﷺ used to say his family linage, he used to stop at Adnān. Imam Bukhari mentions the following lineage in the Chapter: The advent of the Prophet ﷺ in the book of Book of Merits of the Helpers in Madina.

Father’s side: Muḥammad the son of Abdullah, the son of Abd ul-Muṭṭalib, the son of Hāšhim, the son of Abd Manāf, the son of Quṣayy, the son of Kilāb, the son of Murrah, the son of Ka’ab, the son of Lu’ayy, the son of Ghālib, the son of Fihr, the son of Mālik, the son of al-Nadr, the son of Kinānah, the son of Khuzaymah, the son of Mudrikah, the son of Ilyās, the son of Muḍar, the son of Nizār, the son of Ma’ad, the son of Adnān.

Mother’s side: Muhammad the son of Aminah, the daughter of Wahab, the son of Abd Manaaf, the son of Zuhrah, the son of Kilaab, the son of Murrah. At this point the lineage is the same as the Prophet ﷺ.

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Indeed Allah has chosen Isma’il from the children of Ibrahim, and He chose Banu Kinanah from the children of Isma’il, and He chose the Quraish from Banu Kinanah, and He chose Banu Hashim from Quraish, and He chose me from Banu Hashim.

Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 2276, Tirmidhi: Hadith 3605

Below you will also find the lineages of the four companions in relation to the Prophet ﷺ.

The Lineage

The lineage or genealogy of the Prophet Muhammad is as follows:


مُحَمَّد ٱبْن عَبْد ٱللَّٰه

the son of Abdullah

عَبْد ٱللَّٰه ٱبْن عَبْد ٱلْمُطَّلِب

the son of Abd ul-Muṭṭalib

 عَبْد ٱلْمُطَّلِب شَيْبَة ٱبْن هَاشِم

the son of Hāšhim

هَاشِمُ ٱبْنُ عَبْدِ مَنَاف

the son of Abd Manāf

عَبْد مَنَاف ٱلْمُغِيرَة ٱبْن قُصَيّ

the son of Quṣayy

قُصَيّ ٱبْن كِلَاب

the son of Kilāb

كِلَاب ٱبْن مُرَّة‎

the son of Murrah

مُرَّة ٱبْن كَعْب

the son of Ka’ab

كَعْب ٱبْن لُؤَيّ

the son of Lu’ayy

لُؤَيّ ٱبْن غَالِب‎

the son of Ghālib

غَالِب ٱبْن فِهْر

the son of Fihr

فِهْر ٱبْن مَالِك‎

the son of Mālik

مَالِك ٱبْن ٱلنَّضْر

the son of al-Nadr

ٱلنَّضْر ٱبْن كِنَاَنَة‎

the son of Kinānah

كِنَاَنَة ٱبْن خُزَيْمَة

the son of Khuzaimah

خُزَيْمَة ٱبْن مُدْرِكَة

the son of Mudrikah

مُدْرِكَة ٱبْن إِلْيَاس‎

the son of Ilyās

إِلْيَاس ٱبْن مُضَر

the son of Muḍar

مُضَر ٱبْن نِزار

the son of Nizār

نِزار ٱبْن مَعَدّ

the son of Ma’ad

مَعَدّ ٱبْن عَدْنَان

the son of Adnān who is from the descendants of Ismā’īl.

عَدْنَان ٱبْن..إسْماعِيْل

Various genealogies of Adnan up to Ismā’īl have been narrated. Adnan was the ancestor of the Adnani Arabs of northern, central and western Arabia and a direct descendant of Ismā’īl. Ismā’īl had twelve sons who are said to have become twelve tribal chiefs throughout the regions from Assyria to the border of Egypt.

The Four Companions

Abu Bakr as-Siddique Abdullah son of ‘Uthman Abu Quhafa son of ‘Amir son of ‘Amr son of Ka’ab. At this point the lineage is the same as the Prophet ﷺ.

Umar al-Faruq son of Khattab son of Nufayl son of Abdul Uzza son of Riyah son of Abdullah son of Qurut son of Razah son of ‘Adiy son of Ka’ab. At this point the lineage is the same as the Prophet ﷺ.

Uthman al-Ghani son of Affan son of Abu al-‘As son of Ummaya son of Abd Shams son of Abd Manaf son of Qusai. At this point the lineage is the same as the Prophet ﷺ.

Ali Al-Murtaza son of Abu Talib son of Abd ul-Muttalib. At this point the lineage is the same as the Prophet ﷺ.

Tribe and Clans

The Tribe Qurayshi comes from Fihr bin Malik, who himself was from the Kinana tribe.

The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was from the Hashimi Tribe which originates with Hashim bin Abd Manaf

Abu Bakr was from Banu Taym which originates with Taym ibn Murra and is also Qurayshi

Umar Faruq was from Banu ‘Adi which originates with ‘Adi ibn Ka’b and is also Qurayshi

Uthman was Banu Abd Shams which originates with ‘Abd Shams ibn ‘Abd Manaf and is also Qurayshi

Ali was also from the Hashimi Tribe. رضی اللہ عنھم

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