70 Major Sins by Imam Dhahabi

Major sins are those sins that are clearly forbidden in the Quran and Sunnah.

Allah said :

“If you avoid the major sins of what you have been forbidden to do, We will cancel out for you your (other) evil deeds and will admit you (to Paradise) with a noble entry.” (Surah Al Nisa’ 4:31)

“Those who avoid the greatest of sins and indecencies, and forgive when they are angry.” (Surah al Shura 42:37)

“Those who avoid the greatest sins and indecencies, except for oversights, (will find that) surely your Lord is ample in forgiveness.” (Surah Al Najm 53:32)

The Nabi said:

“The five [daily] prayers, Friday to Friday, and Ramadan to Ramadan make atonement for what has happened since the previous one when major sins have been avoided.” It is therefore very important to determine exactly what the greatest vices, technically called “the major sins” (Kaba’r), are, in order that Muslims should avoid them.”

It is clear from this, such major sins exist. Imam Al-Dhahabi compiled seventy major sins in his book Kitab al-Kaba’ir. This list is not exhaustive, so there may be more Major sins. The greatest major sin is Shirk.

  1. Associating partners with Allah
  2. Murder
  3. Practicing magic
  4. Neglecting the prayer
  5. Refusing to pay paying Zakat
  6. Not fasting on a Day of Ramadhan without a excuse
  7. Not performing Hajj when being able to do so
  8. Disobedience or disrespect to one’s Parents
  9. Shunning relatives
  10. Fornication and Adultery
  11. Homosexuality and Sodomy
  12. Riba (Giving and Receiving)
  13. Wrongfully consuming the wealth of the Orphan
  14. Lying against Allah and His Messenger
  15. Running away from the battlefield
  16. The Tyrant and Oppressive leader
  17. Pride and arrogance
  18. Giving false witness
  19. Drinking alcohol
  20. Gambling
  21. Slandering chaste women
  22. Stealing from the spoils of war
  23. Stealing
  24. Highway Robbery
  25. Deliberate false oath
  26. Injustice
  27. Illegal gain
  28. Acquiring wealth unlawfully
  29. Committing suicide
  30. Frequent lying
  31. Judging unjustly
  32. Giving and Taking bribes for judgement
  33. Woman’s imitating man and man’s imitating woman
  34. Being a cuckold – a man who knows and tolerates his wife’s infidelity
  35. Marrying a divorced woman in order to make her lawful for her previous husband
  36. Not protecting oneself from urine
  37. Showing-off
  38. Learning knowledge of the religion for the sake of this world and concealing that knowledge
  39. Betrayal of trust
  40. Reminding people of ones favours/charity
  41. Denying Allah’s Decree
  42. Listening to people’s private conversations
  43. Carrying tales
  44. Cursing
  45. Breaking contracts
  46. Believing in fortune-tellers and astrologers
  47. A wife disobeying her husband
  48. Making statues and pictures
  49. Lamenting, wailing, tearing the clothing, and doing other things of this sort when an affliction befalls
  50. Treating others unjustly
  51. Overbearing conduct toward the wife, the servant, the weak, and animals
  52. Offending one’s neighbour
  53. Offending and abusing Muslims
  54. Offending people and having an arrogant attitude toward them
  55. Trailing one’s garment in pride
  56. Wearing of silk and gold for the men
  57. A slave’s running away from his master
  58. Slaughtering an animal which has been dedicated to anyone other than Allah
  59. To knowingly ascribe one’s paternity to a father other than one’s own
  60. Arguing and disputing violently
  61. Holding off excess water to others
  62. Giving short in weight and measure
  63. Feeling secure from Allah’s devising
  64. Despairing in the mercy of Allah and having no hope
  65. Not praying in congregation but praying alone without an excuse
  66. Persistently missing Friday Prayers without any excuse
  67. Usurping the rights of the heir through bequests
  68. Deceiving and plotting evil
  69. Spying for the enemy of the Muslims
  70. Cursing and insulting any of the Companions of Allah’s Messenger.

How to seek forgiveness

It is possible to wipe away minor sins by performing good deeds or by giving charity, but in order to be forgiven for major sins, one must seek forgiveness directly from Allah. Own the act and ask Allah to forgive it. If it involves abusing others or taking their rights, then you must also seek forgiveness from them too.

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